Per-Olov Löwdin


Born October 28th, 1916. Emeritus Professor of Quantum Chemistry at Uppsala University, Sweden. Graduate Research Professor Emeritus at the University of Florida, USA.

Honorary president of: the International Academy of Quantum Molecular Science, Menton, France, (1986) (President 1979–85); the European Academy of Arts, Sciences and Humanities, France (1986–); the World Association of Theoretical Organic Chemists (WATOC, 1986–); the International Society of Quantum Biology; the Catalonian Quantum Chemistry Society; Doctor honoris causa (Gent 1975); Paris, (1975), Turku (1980). Uppsala University established a yearly "Per-Olov Löwdin Lectureship" in 1983. Scientific volumes (Festschrifts) have been dedicated to Dr. Löwdin in 1966, 1976 and 1989.

Knight of the Swedish Royal Order of the North Star; Commander of the Swedish Royal Order of Vasa; Björkén Award (Uppsala University 1973); St. Olaf's Medal (Norway 1975); Gold Medal NOR (Sweden 1975); Swedish-American Bicentennial Gold Medal (Sweden 1979); Lavoisier Medal in Gold (French Academy of Sciences (1981); Chevalier of the Legion of Honour (France 1982); Ultrastructure Award (USA 1985); the Niels Bohr Medal (WATOC, Budapest 1987); University of Florida President's Medallion for Distinguished Service (1980-1992).

Member of: the Swedish, Norwegian, Danish and Finnish National Academies of Sciences; the Royal Academy of Arts and Sciences in Uppsala; the Royal Society of Sciences in Uppsala; the Norwegian Academy of Sciences in Trondheim; the American Philosophical Society, (Pittsburg); Fellow of: the American Physical Society; the Explorers Club, (New York); Honorary member of: the Sigma Pi Sigma Honorary Physics Society and Sigma Xi (USA) ; Member of: the American Chemical Society; the British Physical Society. Foreign member of the Korean Academy of Science & Technology.

Member of Nobel Committee for Physics, Swedish Royal Academy of Sciences, (1972–84). Editor-in-Chief of : the International Journal of Quantum Chemistry, (1967–); Advances in Quantum Chemistry, (1967–). Member of the Editorial Boards of : Foundations for Physics, Journal of Biological Physics, Chinese Journal of Molecular Science, and Zeitschrift für Physikalische Chemie. Foreign Member of the Advisory Boards of : Institute for Molecular Science in Okazaki, Japan (1983–86); the Max Planck Society for Carbon Research, M?lheim d.a. Ruhr, Germany; the Molecular Center of the Korean Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST), Seoul, Korea (1992–). Director of: Uppsala-Florida Exchange Project in the Quantum Sciences, (1960–); Florida-Latinamerican Exchange Project in the Quantum Sciences (1985–).

Dr. Löwden is the organizer of 25 Summer Institutes in Scandinavia and 15 Winter Institutes in Florida on quantum chemistry, solid-state theory, and quantum biology, and numerous international scientific conferences including 28 Sanibel Symposia.

Author of:

More than 230 papers, in the field of quantum theory of matter.

Important Contributions:

Quantum chemistry, solid-state theory, and quantum biology. Partitioning technique, wave and reaction operators, resolvent methods, rational approximations, etc. Theory of chemical reactions, scattering states, and resonances. Foundations of quantum mechanics and quantum statistics, and their relations to classical mechanics, thermodynamics, etc. Connection between quantum theory and the special and general theories of relativity. Objectivity and reality in the modern natural sciences.

An obituary can be found at