John C. Slater


Born on December 22, 1900. Graduate Research Professor of Physics and Chemistry, Williamson Hall, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, U.S.A.

National Academy of Sciences, American Philosophical Society, American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Foreign member, Swedish Academy of Science, National Medal of Science.

Author of:

"Introduction to Chemical Physics" (1939), "Quantum Theory of Atomic Structure" (1960), "Quantum Theory of Molecules and Solids", Volumes 1–4 (1963, 1965, 1965, 1974), "Quantum Theory of Matter", 2nd ed. (1968).

Important Contributions:

Nature of radiation (with N. Bohr, H.A. Kramers), 1924. Determinantal method for wave functions, 1929. Cohesion in monovalent metals, 1930. Analytic atomic orbitals, 1930–1932. Self-consistent fields, 1930. Directed valence, 1931. Relation of molecular orbital and Heitler–London methods, 1932. Energy and theory, 1934–1937. Ferromagnetism, 1936–1937. Exciton theory, 1936. Simplification of Hartree–Fock method, 1951–1953. Localized excitatlons (with G.F. Koster), 1954. Development of Xα method for molecules and crystals (1965–1973).

An obituary can be found at